Telephone: 8610-64044499 Address: No.12, Yonghe Gong street Ticket: RMB 25
Lama Temple is one of the key historic sites under national protection. It lies in the southeast corner of north 2nd Ring Road. It is one of the largest lamaseries of Tibetan Buddhism that remain in Beijing. At first it was the residence of Emperor Yongzheng before he was crowned. In the years of Qianlong it was changed into a lamasery, and began to serve as the headquarters of the Qing government's administration of Tibetan Buddhism affairs.
The complex covers an area of about 66,440 square meters. It is well-known for its great Buddhist architecture, places for emperors to conduct religious activities, and its special importance for linking the upper class of the Mongolians and the Tibetans. The Yong He Gong complex, which runs to 400 meters from north to south, consists of three beautifully decorated archways, six halls. They are of great historical and artistic value. Since the founding of the People's Republic, the government has repeatedly funded renovations. Now this lamasery attracts tourists from all over the world with the mysterious, splendor, and profundity of the culture it embodies.
Since it was made a lamasery for the Gelu cult, Lama Temple has been observing its own festivals and holidays besides traditional Buddhist holidays. Besides routine rituals performed on the mornings of the 1st, 10th, 15th, and 30th of each lunar month, other major Buddhist ceremonies are performed each year.
Bus: 13/44/116/117/807/Subway Line 2
Opening hours: 7:00-17:30
Visiters can choose to take Subway Line 2 from Lama Temple Station to Xizhimen Station for eating as there are many restaruants for selection.
1. Moscow Restaurant
It was the first foreign restaurant established in Beijing. It not only added Russian flavor to the Chinese diet, but also attached Russian architecture to this city.
Add: 135 Xizhimenwai Dajie, Beijing Exhibition Center
Open: 11am-2pm, 5pm-9pm
2. Donglaishun Muslim Restaurant
Provideing traditional Beijing Hotpot in 1903 as a long-standing restauarnt.
Add: Floor3, Building D, Chengming Building, No. 2 Xizhimennei South Street, Xicheng District, Beijing
3. Qingfeng Steamed Stuffed Bun(Baozi) Restaurant
An old brand name in Beijing, it features baozi stuffed with three fillings, lean pork, mushroom and shelled shrimps.
Add: Xizhimenwai Street, (East of Debao Hotel, West of Xizhimen Subway Station)
4. Jindingxuan (golden pot)
Jindingxuan is a a Cantonese style tea restaurant, providing Chinese snack foods.
Add: No.77 Hepinglixi Street, Dongcheng District, Beijing (Near Lama Temple Subway Station)
Tel: 010-64296888 64299888
Add: No. 43 Yonghegong Street, Dongcheng district
The Birth of Tangka
Tangka is also called Tangke, and it is a transliteration of a Tibetan pronunciation. Its original meaning was a government decree written on a piece of cloth, and later evolved into Tangka, a scroll of painting. The birth and development of this art were closely related to the spread of Buddhism in Tibet and the history of development of Tibetan Buddhism (or Lamaism). Songtsam Gambo unified Tibetan areas and established in the 7th century the Tubo Kingdom on a snow-covered plateau which is known as the roofs of the world and a place located to the southwest of China proper at that time.
Under his rule, Tubo's economy and culture recorded rapid development. Songtsam Gambo took to wives a Nepalese princess called Xizun Princess and a Chinese princess of the Tang Dynasty called Wencheng Princess who were not only beautiful but also devout believers in Buddhism. They brought with them figures of Buddha, Buddhist musical instruments, sutras, monks and skilled craftsmen, which gave a direct or indirect impact on the spread of Buddhism in the Tubo areas. No sooner Buddhist art made its appearance and Buddhist temples and pagodas were built, Buddhist stone statues sculpted and colorful paintings for decorations on the walls of buildings and temples made their appearances. Buddhism was honored as the "national religion" in the Tubo areas in the mid-8th century and the 9th century. The Buddha-worship policy promoted by several generations of Zanpu (the king of Tubo) made Buddhism spread to its extreme extent in the Tubo areas, and as a result, the art of painting had gradually become mature. As the needs for Buddhist arts increased at the time, Tangka, a new art form which was easy to carry, collect and hang for promoting the spread of Buddhism came into being. Tangka has since then become the main form of painting in Tibet.
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