Welcome to Beijing, one of the leading capitals of the world and the host
of the 2008 Olympics. With a history that is more than 3000 years,
Beijing is an amazing mix of old and new. For centuries Beijing has been
the centre for cultural and business activities and is today beyond doubt a
truly world class and international city.
1) Yan Kingdom (B.C. 723-221) was first settled in this area.
2) Yuan Dynasty (A.D. 1280-1368) under the leadership of Kublai Khan
called the capital Da Du (Big Capital).
3) Ming Dynasty (A.D.1368-1644) named the capital as Beijing
4) Qing Dynasty (A.D. 1644-1911) retained Beijing as their Capital.
5) The Constitution of the People's Republic of China declared Beijing as
the Capital of the Nation in 1949. Today, Beijing is the political and
cultural center of the People's Republic of China.
Beijing, Jing for short, is the nation's political, economic, cultural and
educational center as well as China's most important center for
international trade and communications. Together with Xian, Luoyang,
Kaifeng, Nanjing and Hangzhou, Beijing is one of the six ancient cities in
China. It has been the heart and soul of politics and society throughout its
long history and consequently there is an unparalleled wealth of
discovery to delight and intrigue travelers as they explore Beijing's
ancient past and enjoy its exciting modern development.
As the capital of the People's Republic of China, Beijing is located in
northern China, close to Tianjin Municipality and partially surrounded by
Hebei Province. The city covers an area of more than 16,410 square
kilometers and has a population of 14.93 million people.
Beijing is a city with four distinct seasons. Its best is late spring and
autumn. But autumn is taken as the golden tourist season of the year since
there is sometimes in the spring of recent years, a yellow wind. The best
time to visit Beijing is the months of May, September, and October when
people can enjoy bright sunshine and blue skies. If you like winter, you
will have other chances to appreciate another landscape of Beijing. After
skiing in Beihai and viewing the snowy sights on West Hill, enjoying the
steaming hotpot is the best choice, which is really the fun of tour in
Beijing's long and illustrious history started some 500,000 years ago. It is
here that the ancestors of modern Homo sapiens, Peking men, lived in
caves. Records show that Beijing has been an inhabited city for more than
three thousand years and has endured invasions by warlords and foreign
powers, devastating fires, the rise and fall of powerful imperial dynasties
and has emerged each time as a strong and vibrant city. For more than
800 years, Beijing was a capital city - from the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368)
to the Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911) dynasties. Thirty-four
emperors have lived and ruled the nation in Beijing and it has been an
important trading city from its earliest days.
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